Sciatica is a condition characterised by pain along the sciatic nerve. Sciatic nerve is the longest and strongest nerve extending from root of the spinal cords and passing through the buttocks to behind the thighs and the legs.Sciatica is one of most common symptom associated with low back pain.
According to Ayurveda, Sciatica can be correlated to Grudhrasi.
Grudhrasi is defined as a disease which affects the lower back and the lower limbs of the body. It is caused due to aggravated Vata in association with Kapha. The aggravated Vata causes weakness and degeneration of the soft tissues adjacent to spinal cord which leads to pressure and irritation on the nerve root and causes Sciatica or Grudhrasi symptoms.
Sciatica or sciatic nerve pain can be caused due to many reasons:
Symptoms of Sciatica
Management of Sciatic nerve pain by Alternative medicinal therapy
Ayurveda is a form of Alternative medicine which gives a very effective result in treating Sciatica. Panchakarma therapy plays an important role in managing Sciatica. The treatment aims at pacifying Vata along with Kapha.
During the First Phase, treatments like choorna pinda sweda( Dry powder poultice) Patra pinda sweda( leaf poultice), Medicated paste application( lepanam), Medicated oil and decoction enema( Basti treatment). The treatment is chosen and aimed to reduce inflammation, to open the channels to bring sufficient blood supply to the affected part.
Second Phase of treatment is aimed for nerve conduction, after this phase the nourishment of the soft tissues and nervous system is attained. When the soft tissues have enough strength to withhold the excess pressure it will reduce the strain on the Lumbar disc which will reduce the wearing of tissues around the disc and there will be no pressure on the sciatic nerve root thereby reducing sciatica. Treatments like Oil massage , njavara khizi(medicated rice bag), lepudwartanam( mild rubbing of medicated herbal paste) etc can be done.
If sciatica is caused by Disc bulge, prolapse, Osteoarthritis etc then the treatment for respective condition is given along with treatment for sciatic nerve pain.Internal herbal medicines like anti inflammatory, analgesic drugs are administered. The medicinal drugs to improve circulation both internally and externally is also useful.
Lower back pain caused due to Disc bulge or disc prolapse, the treatment is decided based on the condition and symptoms of the person. Treatments like Kati basti, lepanam, vestanam, traction is choose according to the stages of the condition. Internal medicines are administered accordingly after the detailed examination of the person.
Complete bed rest is not recommended in condition of lower back pain or sciatica. Appropriate mild exercises like walking, mild stretching are recommended for Lower back pain and Sciatica.Foods that are rich in dietary fibres and mild laxatives like wholegrain, grapes, apples, prunes, leafy vegetables are recommended to avoid constipation.
With a proper diet, exercise and medications, one can get recovered from sciatica.